Tuesday, May 26, 2009

Beagle...Under Dog!!

Other Names: English BeagleCountry of Origin: EnglandLifespan: 13 YearsMale Height: 13-15 InchesMale Weight: 18-30 PoundsFemale Height: 13-15 InchesFemale Weight: 18-30 PoundAmerican Kennel Club Classification : Hound GroupCanadian Kennel Club Classification : HoundsKennel Club (Great Britain) Classification : Hound
Beagle Characteristics
The loyal, courageous, affectionate, gentle, and loving Beagle is a wonderful family dog. They get along marvelously with children because they are very tolerant of the foibles of childhood and they're always ready for a good "romp". Bred to be a pack hunter, the Beagle needs plenty of human or dog companionship.
The Beagle is an independent dog that may run away, hot on the trail of a scent. It is important to keep him fenced in the yard and to train him early to listen to commands. The Beagle can be trained quite easily to respond to most of the basic dog commands. He loves a good howling session once in a while, which can be bothersome to neighbours.
The Beagle is tough for his size, and he can handle almost anything that other dogs can handle. He is not bothered by difficult weather or treacherous hikes and no amount of exercise can tire him.
Beagle History
The Beagle is one of the oldest of the scent hounds, dating back to pre-Roman times. He can be found in ritings as far back as Chaucer in the 14th century. Though the history of the Beagle is somewhat cloudy, it is believed that he originated in England or Wales. He was used alone or in groups to hunt rabbit and hare, with the hunter walking close behind.
The name Beagle may have originated from the French word meaning "open throat", in reference to their baying. It may have come from the Celtic, old French, or old English word for small. By the 1800's Beagles were known to come in many different sizes. The pocket-sized variety were the most common, some of which were only 9 inches tall! The smaller Beagles were especially popular with ladies and elderly because they could keep up with these little Beagles as they tracked the hare.
The British Kennel Club first recognized the Beagle in 1873. He was the favourite of the huntsmen at the Court of Queen Elizabeth I. After the war, British imports formed the basis for the American line of Beagles. The Beagle found his way to France in the 1860's, where he became very popular. Some of the blood lines in England are very old, and are carefully guarded by breeders to this day.


Other Names: English Bulldog, British Bulldog

Country of Origin: England England

Lifespan: 7-9 Years

Male Height: 12-15 Inches

Male Weight: 50 Pounds

Female Height: 12-15 Inches
Female Weight: 40 Pounds
American Kennel Club Classification : Non-Sporting Group
Canadian Kennel Club Classification : Non-Sporting Dogs
Kennel Club (Great Britain) Classification : Utility

Bulldog Characteristics

The Bulldog is a friendly, comical, docile, and stubborn dog. He interacts superbly with children, well with other dogs, and great with cats if they understand that his food dish is off-limits to them.
It is very important to understand the special needs of the Bulldog. Exercise should be conducted at a slower pace, and discontinued if there is any difficulty in his breathing. It is crucial to keep this breed out of heat and high humidity because they succumb to heart attacks and poor breathing more readily than any other breed.
This is a superb guard dog, though it is not the easiest of breeds to train; consistency in training is important if you are to achieve good results. This is a low needs dog, only requiring his daily food and the simple comforts of home. They are short-lived, and puppies are often delivered by caesarean because of their large heads. Most Bulldogs cannot swim because of their short legs. One more caveat is in order: the Bulldog tends to sleep more contentedly than many other breeds, which may explain their propensity for loud snoring.

Bulldog History

The Bulldog's first purpose, as his name may suggest, was in the old sport of bull-baiting. The first Bulldogs were aggressive, ferocious, and blood-thirsty, to the point that the Romans had a decree which forbid people taking a Bulldog through the streets - even on a leash! In bull-baiting, the Bulldog would grab the bull on the nose, and hold on until the bull fell to the ground from sheer exhaustion. Once bull-baiting was outlawed in Great Britian in 1830, the Bulldog was in danger of extinction as he now served no purpose. Bill George took the Bulldog and produced a frienldy version of the original breed, while still keeping the look of the breed that had made it famous.
The Bulldog, or Bandogges as he was refered to in his early days, has been mentioned in many ancient writings. Shakespeare wrote of the Bandogges in Henry VI, Act1: "The time when screech owls and Bandogges howl and spirits walk and ghosts break up their graves.". First appearing in a dog show in 1864, the Bulldog has been a popular show dog around the world. Today the Bulldog is widely recognized as the national dog of England.

A Brief History of the Bulldog

Originally the Bulldog was bred to protect and bait bulls, the purpose of which was both practical (tenderising meat) and profitable (entertainment), both of which will be discussed later. We will begin with the series of events which saw the initiation of the development of this unique genre of breeds.
As far back as 50 AD in the Roman context, a fighting breed known as the Broad Mouthed Dog of Briton is documented. Furthermore, the Roman's are found to have taken a keen interest in these early Briton bulldogs, having selected and exported them from Briton to Rome, purely for entertainments sake, used in the great amphitheatres of this era (4).
In 1066 England began training dogs for baiting bulls, bears, horses and various other species. One can confidently assume that this was the beginning of the development of the British Bulldog, a breed who's anatomy and physiology are so perfectly suited for this arduous task (See Article Number 2). Bull baiting required the Bulldog to engage the bull by creeping upon it's belly toward the bull, while the bull anticipating the dogs advances lowers it's head ready to defend itself by tossing the dog with its horns, however before given the chance the Bulldog leaps and grabs the bull by the nostrils (1). It is believed that bull baiting came about by the realisation of the fact that the lactic acid build up created in exercise carried out by the animal before slaughter, has the effect of tenderising the meat and giving it a satisfying flavour. Therefore it became commonplace for butchers to provide this service, to the point, that fines were issued to those who did not comply. Hence, this started the basis for what was to be a successful breeding program in which over many years of selection for traits conducive toward the effective of this task, a breed was born. Breeding animals were selected upon their relative intuition and ease of training, that is, to grab the nose of the bull and no other part, along with the selection of complimentary physical attributes.

PAL-V One: Future Fantasy Trike

A descendent of technology first introduced in the 1920s, the PAL-V One—cynically referred to as a 'tricycle helicopter' and a 'flying tricycle'—recently completed a proof-of-concept test flight that garnered responses from opposite ends of the critical spectrum.


  • Type: Flying car
  • Class: Motorcycle
  • Manufacturer: PAL-V Europe NV
  • Tailpipe emissions: Yes
  • Price: NA
  • Availability: 2011


  • Top Speed: 125 mph (180 km/h)
  • Zero-to-60: 8 seconds
  • Vehicle range: 500 miles (800 km)
  • Fuel(s): Conven tional gasoline
  • Fuel efficiency: 38 mpg


  • Maximum speed: 97 knots (127 mph, 185 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 80 knots (93 mph, 150 km/h)
  • Maximum rate of climb: 800 feet/minute
  • Range: 245 NM (280 miles, 450 km)

The manufacturer says

"PAL-V Europe NV is building everybody’s dream in mobility: a full-fledged flying and driving vehicle, the PAL-V One …a solution to increasing congestion

in our cities, highways and skyways."


Dutch-based manufacturer PAL-V Europe is led by mechanical engineer John Bakker who, after several years of R & D, produced the PAL-V One ('Personal Air and Land Vehicle'), a single-passenger, three-wheeled vehicle with a three-pronged approach to transportation and technology, incorporating a car, a motorcycle, and a gyrocopter.

On the ground, the driver folds away both rotor and propeller in order to drive the roads, although no indication is given as to how long this transition might take. On the road, the PAL-V One incorporates the Dynamic Vehicle Control (DVC™) technology pioneered in the 3-wheeled Carver One and later, the Persu Mobility Hybrid. Safe take-off requires a space of around 650 feet x 100 feet (200x30 meters). During take-off, a foldable pusher propeller provides the propulsion required for autorotation while the rotor provides the necessary lift. In flight, autorotation means the rotor is not dependent on the engine, but on aerodynamic forces; thus in theory the pilot is protected from catastrophic engine failure. Since the PAL-V One is a gyroplane, it offers the pilot control over pitch, roll and yaw; the first two by way of tilting the rotor, the last (yaw) by way of a rudder—controls familiar to pilots of fixed wing aircraft.

Tuesday, May 12, 2009

Collie "MyLassie"

Other Names: Rough Collie, Scottish Collie
Country of Origin: Scotland Scotland
Lifespan: 12-13 Years
Male Height: 24-26 Inches
Male Weight: 60-75 Pounds
Female Height: 22-24 Inches
Female Weight: 50-65 Pounds
American Kennel Club Classification : Herding Group
Canadian Kennel Club Classification : Herding Dogs
Kennel Club (Great Britain) Classification : Pastoral (Herding)

Collie Characteristics
The Collie is a friendly, intelligent, loyal, faithful, and sensitive breed. This is a highly intelligent dog, with the best training results achieved with a gentler approach; they do not respond well to harsh training methods. They get along well with other dogs, other pets, and children.
The Collie comes in two types, the Rough Collie and the Smooth Collie. The coat care and grooming requirements of the two hair types are quite unique. The Rough Collie needs a large amount of brushing; it is important to brush right down to the undercoat or you will have a matted and uncomfortable dog very quickly. The Smooth Collie's grooming requirements are very minimal.
If you are purchasing an adult dog, it is essential that he is secured in the yard until he is comfortable with his new environment; they are known to escape and try to make their way to their previous home. The Collie is a herding dog that still requires ample amounts of exercise, and don't forget that this dog loves to retrieve.

Collie History
The Collie dates back hundreds of years to the Scottish Highlands, where he was used for guarding the flock and herding. The early breeders kept no records, so the earlyhistoric details are somewhat muddy. There is speculation that the Rough Collie and the Smooth Collie had different origins, though they are presently classified as a long and short-haired version of the same breed.
In the early days he was called the Scots Colley Dog, Colley being a black sheep. The Rough Collie's lineage was especially influenced by a dog name Old Cockie, born in 1867 whose sable coloured coat can be seen in the modern Collie. Every Rough and Smooth Collie can also trace their ancestry back to a tricolour dog named Trefoil, born in 1873. The Rough Collie has been extremely popular, but not so with the Smooth Collie. The Smooth Collie may have died out, in fact, if it had not been for the efforts of a number of dedicated breeders. By the 1930's the Collie was thought to have been bred with the Borzoi, which gave it more nobility but also made it somewhat melancholy.
The early ancestors were brought to England and Scotland over 400 years ago. Queen Victoria kept a Rough Collie at Balmoral in 1860, and thanks to her enthusiasm for the breed, his popularity sky-rocketed in the herding circles and amongst the upper class. This popularity continued many years later with the writings of Albert Payson Terhune and the infamous television show "Lassie". The breed's popularity was so immense at one time, that huge sums of money would exchange hands for the best of the dogs. The highest price ever reputed to have been paid for a Rough Collie was for Ch. Parbold Piccolo to an American. Upon arriving at his new home in Milwaukee, Piccolo was allowed to freely roam around the property. He tragically disappeared that same day.

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Tuesday, May 5, 2009

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Alaskan Malamute

Country of Origin: Alaska Alaska

Lifespan: 12 Years

Male Height: 25 Inches

Male Weight: 85 Pounds

Female Height: 23 Inches

Female Weight: 75 Pounds

American Kennel Club Classification : Working Group
Canadian Kennel Club Classification : Working Dogs
Kennel Club (Great Britain) Classification : Working

Alaskan Malamute Characteristics

A tough and powerful dog, the Alaskan Malamute followed the early Alaskans from their journey from either Asia or Scandinavia. This dog roamed the vast arctic snows for millennia before white man ever even set foot upon the land. The Alaskan Malamute was bred for power and not for speed.

Alaskan Malamute History

The Mahlemut people of the arctic were nomads who traveled to new hunting grounds on a continual basis. The Alaskan Malamute was required to be very strong to pull the contents of the village from place to place. Early European explorers and Russian sailors were keenly aware of the beauty of the Alaskan Malamute and the affection that the Mahlemuts had for their dogs.

Electronic money

Electronic money (also known as e-money, electronic cash, electronic currency, digital money, digital cash or digital currency) refers to money or scrip which is exchanged only electronically. Typically, this involves use of computer networks, the internet and digital stored value systems. Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) and direct deposit are examples of electronic money. Also, it is a collective term for financial cryptography and technologies enabling it.

While electronic money has been an interesting problem for cryptography (see for example the work of David Chaum and Markus Jakobsson), to date, use of digital cash has been relatively low-scale. One rare success has been Hong Kong's Octopus card system, which started as a transit payment system and has grown into a widely used electronic cash system. Singapore also has an electronic money implementation for its public transportation system (commuter trains, bus, etc), which is very similar to Hong Kong's Octopus card and based on the same type of card (FeliCa). There are also one implementation is in the Netherlands, known as Chipknip.

Technically electronic or digital money is a representation, or a system of debits and credits, used to exchange value, within another system, or itself as a stand alone system, online or offline. Also sometimes the term electronic money is used to refer to the provider itself. A private currency may use gold to provide extra security, such as digital gold currency. Also, some private organizations, such as the US military use private currencies such as Eagle Cash.

Many systems will sell their electronic currency directly to the end user, such as Paypal and WebMoney, but other systems, such as Liberty Reserve, sell only through third party digital currency exchangers.

In the case of Octopus Card in Hong Kong, deposits work similarly to banks'. After Octopus Card Limited receives money for deposit from users, the money is deposited into banks, which is similar to debit-card-issuing banks redepositing money at central banks.

Some community currencies, like some LETS systems, work with electronic transactions. Cyclos Software allows creation of electronic community currencies.

Ripple monetary system is a project to develop a distributed system of electronic money independent of local currency.

In the use of off-line electronic money, the merchant does not need to interact with the bank before accepting a coin from the user. Instead he can collect multiple coins Spent by users and Deposit them later with the bank. In principle this could be done off-line, i.e. the merchant could go to the bank with his storage media to exchange e-cash for cash. Nevertheless the merchant is guaranteed that the user's e-coin will either be accepted by the bank, or the bank will be able to identify and punish the cheating user. In this way a user is prevented from spending the same coin twice (double-spending). Off-line e-cash schemes also need to protect against cheating merchants, i.e. merchants that want to deposit a coin twice (and then blame the user).

Using cryptography, anonymous ecash was introduced by David Chaum. He used blind signatures to achieve unlinkability between withdrawal and spend transactions.[1] In cryptography, e-cash usually refers to anonymous e-cash. Depending on the properties of the payment transactions, one distinguishes between on-line and off-line e-cash. The first off-line e-cash system was proposed by Chaum and Naor.[2] Like the first on-line scheme, it is based on RSA blind signatures.

The main focuses of digital cash development are 1) being able to use it through a wider range of hardware such as secured credit cards; and 2) linked bank accounts that would generally be used over an internet means, for exchange with a secure micropayment system such as in large corporations (PayPal).

Theoretical developments in the area of decentralized money are underway that may rival traditional, centralized money. Systems of accounting such as Altruistic Economics are emerging that are entirely electronic, and can be more efficient and more realistic because they do not assume a zero-sum transaction model.

Search engine optimization

SEO) is the process of improving the volume and quality of traffic to a web site from search engines via "natural" ("organic" or "algorithmic") search results. Typically, the earlier a site appears in the search results list, the more visitors it will receive from the search engine. SEO may target different kinds of search, including image search, local search, and industry-specific vertical search engines.

As an Internet marketing strategy, SEO considers how search engines work and what people search for. Optimizing a website primarily involves editing its content and HTML coding to both increase its relevance to specific keywords and to remove barriers to the indexing activities of search engines.

The acronym "SEO" can also refer to "search engine optimizers," a term adopted by an industry of consultants who carry out optimization projects on behalf of clients, and by employees who perform SEO services in-house. Search engine optimizers may offer SEO as a stand-alone service or as a part of a broader marketing campaign. Because effective SEO may require changes to the HTML source code of a site, SEO tactics may be incorporated into web site development and design. The term "search engine friendly" may be used to describe web site designs, menus, content management systems and shopping carts that are easy to optimize.

Another class of techniques, known as black hat SEO or Spamdexing, use methods such as link farms and keyword stuffing that degrade both the relevance of search results and the user-experience of search engines. Search engines look for sites that employ these techniques in order to remove them from their indices.


The foreign exchange market (currency, forex, or FX) market is where currency trading takes place. It is where banks and other official institutions facilitate the buying and selling of foreign currencies. [1]FX transactions typically involve one party purchasing a quantity of one currency in exchange for paying a quantity of another. The foreign exchange market that we see today started evolving during the 1970s when worldover countries gradually switched to floating exchange rate from their erstwhile exchange rate regime, which remained fixed as per the Bretton Woods system till 1971.

Presently, the FX market is one of the largest and most liquid financial markets in the world, and includes trading between large banks, central banks, currency speculators, corporations, governments, and other institutions. The average daily volume in the global foreign exchange and related markets is continuously growing. Traditional daily turnover was reported to be over US$3.2 trillion in April 2007 by the Bank for International Settlements.[2] Since then, the market has continued to grow. According to Euromoney's annual FX Poll, volumes grew a further 41% between 2007 and 2008.[3]

The purpose of FX market is to facilitate trade and investment. The need for a foreign exchange market arises because of the presence of multifarious international currencies such as US Dollar, Pound Sterling, etc., and the need for trading in such currencies.

Bank Rate

Various Uses for the Term "Bank Rate"

The term bank rate is most commonly used by bankers to refer to the Federal Discount Rate of interest charged to Federally Chartered Savings Banks. The term bank rate is commonly used by consumers to refer to the current rate of interest given on a savings certificate of Deposit. The term bank rate is most commonly used by consumers who are interested in either obtaining a purchase money mortgage, or a refinance loan, when referring to the current mortgage rate.

Types of bank interest rates

Bank rate on a Certificate of Deposit "CD".
Bank Rate on a credit card or other loan
Bank Rate on an automobile or real estate loan
used to have a close relation with consumers Bank Rate[current rate of interest]. With an increase in Bankers Bank Rate the Consumers Bank Rate also used to increase. With vast changes in Bank Financial Structure and with less dependency on Central Bank for financing customers credit, the control on Bankers Bank Rate has very less impact on Consumers Bank Rate

Consumers will check the current "Bank Rate" by comparing CD rates in the local newspaper or by visiting website's online, in order to determine which will pay the highest Annual Yield on their savings. Consumers will compare mortgage interest rates by visiting mortgage websites that show the various rates of interest of mortgage companies.

While repo rate is a short-term measure, i.e. applicable to short-term loans and used for controlling the amount of money in the market, bank rate is a long-term measure and is governed by the long-term monetary policies of the governing bank concerned.

Affiliate marketing

Affiliate marketing is an Internet-based marketing practice in which a business rewards one or more affiliates for each visitor or customer brought about by the affiliate's marketing efforts.

Affiliate marketing is also the name of the industry where a number of different types of companies and individuals are performing this form of Internet marketing, including affiliate networks, affiliate management companies, and in-house affiliate managers, specialized third party vendors, and various types of affiliates/publishers who promote the products and services of their partners.

Affiliate marketing overlaps with other Internet marketing methods to some degree, because affiliates often use regular advertising methods. Those methods include organic search engine optimization, paid search engine marketing, e-mail marketing, and in some sense display advertising. On the other hand, affiliates sometimes use less orthodox techniques, such as publishing reviews of products or services offered by a partner.

Affiliate marketing—using one website to drive traffic to another—is a form of online marketing, which is frequently overlooked by advertisers.[citation needed] While search engines, e-mail, and website syndication capture much of the attention of online retailers, affiliate marketing carries a much lower profile. Still, affiliates continue to play a significant role in e-retailers' marketing strategies.


AdSense is an advertisement application run by Google. Website owners can enroll in this program to enable text, image, and more recently, video advertisements on their websites. These advertisements are administered by Google and generate revenue on either a per-click or per-impression basis. Google beta tested a cost-per-action service, but discontinued it in October 2008 in favor of a DoubleClick offering (also owned by Google).

Google uses its Internet search technology to serve advertisements based on website content, the user's geographical location, and other factors. Those wanting to advertise with Google's targeted advertisement system may enroll through AdWords. AdSense has become a popular method of placing advertising on a website because the advertisements are less intrusive than most banners, and the content of the advertisements is often relevant to the website.

Currently, AdSense uses JavaScript code to incorporate the advertisements into a participating website. If the advertisements are included on a website that has not yet been crawled by the Mediabot, AdSense will temporarily display advertisements for charitable causes, also known as public service announcements (PSAs). (The Mediabot is different from the Googlebot, which maintains Google's search index.)

Many websites use AdSense to monetize their content. AdSense has been particularly important for delivering advertising revenue to small websites that do not have the resources for developing advertising sales programs and sales people. To fill a website with advertisements that are relevant to the topics discussed, webmasters implement a brief script on the websites' pages. Websites that are content-rich have been very successful with this advertising program, as noted in a number of publisher case studies on the AdSense website.

Some webmasters invest significant effort into maximizing their own AdSense income. They do this in three ways:[citation needed]

1. They use a wide range of traffic-generating techniques, including but not limited to online advertising.
2. They build valuable content on their websites that attracts AdSense advertisements, which pay out the most when they are clicked.
3. They use text content on their websites that encourages visitors to click on advertisements. Note that Google prohibits webmasters from using phrases like "Click on my AdSense ads" to increase click rates. The phrases accepted are "Sponsored Links" and "Advertisements".

The source of all AdSense income is the AdWords program, which in turn has a complex pricing model based on a Vickrey second price auction. AdSense commands an advertiser to submit a sealed bid (i.e., a bid not observable by competitors). Additionally, for any given click received, advertisers only pay one bid increment above the second-highest bid.

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Other Names: Akita Inu, Japanese Akita
Country of Origin: Japan Japan
Lifespan: 10-12 Years

Male Height: 25-28 Inches
Male Weight: 85-130 Pounds

Female Height: 23-26 Inches
Female Weight: 65-110 Pounds

American Kennel Club Classification : Working Group
Canadian Kennel Club Classification : Working Dogs
Kennel Club (Great Britain) Classification : Utility

Akita Characteristics
The Akita is the largest of the Japanese dog breeds and comes in all colours, ranging from white to brindle. A solid, powerful, assertive, independent, and headstrong dog; this is a dog that requires a seasoned handler. With the proper obedience, love, and socialization, he will become a very loyal family dog who is happy to be involved in your daily activities.
The Akita does not generally do well interacting with other dogs because it has a strong instinct to become dominant. It is important to socialize this dog at early age. Early interaction with other dogs, children, and cats is important if this is to become a regular part of their lives. He requires daily exercise and regular weekly grooming. They do shed continuously, and more so during their twice yearly shedding season.

Akita History
The Akita dates back over three hundred years to the Island of Honshu in the region of Akita, Japan. A 4,000 year old archeological dig brought forward records that show a dog called the "peat dog" with clear similarities to the present day Akitas. Originally bred as a fighting dog, they were also popular for hunting bear, boar, and deer.
The Akita is highly revered in Japan. The skins of the deceased dogs were often hung in the Japanese houses as a sign of respect, and to serve as a memory. In 1931 the Japanese government named the Akita a national treasure. The first Akita was brought over to North America by Helen Keller in 1937. Many more of the dogs arrived on North American soil by American servicemen who brought them back with them after serving in Japan during the war. The breed achieved AKC recognition in 1972, and is still used to this day as a guard dog and as a police dog in Japan.
Probably the most famous of all Japanese dogs was an Akita named Haichiko. He would greet his master at the train station every day to walk home with him. When his master died at work, Haichiko continued to show up at the train station. He showed up everyday until he died 9 years later. To this day there is still a statue and an annual ceremony to commemorate the dedication and love of a dog for his master.